(i)To educate the citizens on their Right and duties
(ii)to make the citizens aware of what is happening in the country
(iii)to help the citizens participate I. The political government affairs of the country
(iv)to educate the citizens on the laws of the land
(v)to make the citizens to avoid reporting politics mistakes made in the past
(i) Volunteer to support democratic institutions (League of Women Voters).
(ii)Express concern about the welfare of the community as a whole (environment, public health and safety, education).
(iii)Help to make the community a good place to work and live (by becoming involved with public service organizations, tutoring, volunteering in nursing homes).
(iv)democratic society requires the active participation of its citizens.
(v)citizens help the community service to gain skills. These skills can range from teaching to medicine to construction and more.
(i)Lack of trust in governance. This is different from the dislike of politicians. In this case, this is an issue of not believing in the way of governance and lacking the interest to see governance improve. Most people also have lost hope of a better governance and therefore a reason for their political apathy.
(ii)Campaign violence. Due to the level of violence that always occur during the build-up to elections, most people stay away from electoral process for the safety of their lives. Also, the violence was seen during campaign always damage the credibility of most political parties and their candidates among the people. And because of this, the level of political apathy keeps growing.
(iii)Lack of credible candidate. Since the beginning of the post-military era, there has been a continuous cycle of politicians. People do not have so many options from which they vote.
(iv)Weak security measures during elections. Most people believe that their votes are not secured during elections. This is as a result of the history of election rigging, snatching of ballot boxes, disruption of voting centres by thugs, etc. And as a result, people don’t participate in the voting process.
(v)The popular belief that the votes don’t count. Most Nigerians believe that their vote do not count. This is one of the main reasons why a lot of Nigerian always refuse to turn out for voters registration. And during elections, most decide to stay back at home because of the general feeling and belief that their votes will have no impact on the outcome of the election
Public service:- is a service which is provided by government to people living within its jurisdiction, either directly (through the public sector ) or by financing provision of services.
i)Refresher of courses and training programmes
ii)Teaching political education in schools
iii) Use of code of conduct bureau and public complaints commission
v) checking schools and toilets
Vi) providing feedback in real time